Binayak P. Mohanty

Professor and Hydrologist

 

Address           301C Scoates Hall, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, 2117 TAMU,

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843

                        Telephone: (979)-458-4421; Fax: (979)-845-3932; Email: bmohanty@tamu.edu

                        URL: http://baen.tamu.edu/users/bmohanty

 

Education  

1992                Ph.D., Agricultural Engineering (major) and Environmental Engineering (minor),

                        Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA 

1987                M.E., Agricultural Engineering (major) and Water Resources Engineering (minor),

                        Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand

1985                B.Sc., Agricultural Engineering and Technology,

                        Orissa University of Agriculture  & Technology, Bhubaneswar, India

 

Positions

2004- Present   Professor (Hydrology), Depts. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering

and Rangeland Ecology and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station

2001-2004       Associate Professor (Hydrology), Depts. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering

and Rangeland Ecology and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station

1993-2001              Post-Doctoral, Assistant, and Associate Research Scientist, Dept. of Environmental

Sciences, University of California, Riverside; located at U. S. Salinity Laboratory,

USDA-ARS

1992-1993              Pre- and Post-doctoral Researcher, Dept. of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

and Dept. of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa

 

Selected Professional Affiliations and Activities

Member:         American Geophysical Union (AGU), American Society of Agricultural Engineers

(ASAE), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Gamma Sigma Delta, Alpha Epsilon

Reviewer:       Water Resources Research, Soil Science Society of America Journal, NSF proposals,

NASA Proposals

Assoc. Editor: Journal of Environmental Quality

Panel Member: NASA Inter-disciplinary Science, 2003

 

Selected Honors and Awards

1996                Listed in Who's Who in Science and Engineering

1992                Reverend P.T. Taiganides Outstanding Graduate Student Award in Agricultural

                        Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa

1985                University Gold Medal for Outstanding Undergraduate Student in Agricultural

Engineering, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, India

 

Synergistic Research Activities

Multi-dimensional water, chemical, and heat transport measurement and modeling in the vadose

zone at hierarchical space-time scales.

Soil water retention and hydraulic conductivity of macroporous or fractured porous media.

Up-scaling and down-scaling of soil hydraulic properties for use in hydrologic modeling

at different scales (field, quarter-section, watershed, and regional).

Land-atmosphere interaction and hydroclimatology.

Soil moisture and temperature space-time dynamics and the physical controls.

Scale issues in soil hydrology using ground, air-borne, and space-borne remote sensing.

Ecohydrology and water balance studies in semiarid rangelands.

A priori land parameter estimation using genetic algorithms and remote sensing.   

Led the soil characterization team during SGP97 and SMEX campaigns. 

 

Selected Research Grants

NASA (GEWEX America’s prediction project, GAPP): Exploratory Analysis of Multi-

Temporal Remote sensing Data for Southern Great Plains – 07/04-06/05, $90,000, Principal Investigator.

 

LANL (Los Alamos National Lab): Soil Hydrologic Properties for Simulation of Semi-Arid River Basin

Water Balance- 11/04-10/05, $40,000, Principal Investigator.             

           

NSF-SGER (Small Grant for Exploratory Research): An Integrated Study of Post-Flood

Hydrology, Ecology, Politics and Policy Change: A Cross-National Urban Perspective,

(Co-PI: Lindquist, Bush School, Texas A&M University) 05/03-04/04, $29,970, Principal Investigator.

           

NSF-WCR (Water Cycle Research): Ecohydrology of Semiarid Woodlands: Role of Woody

Plants in the Water Cycle, (PI: Wilcox, Texas A&M University, Other Co-PIs: Munster, Texas

A&M University; Jay Banner, and Libby Stern, University of Texas at Austin; and Rob

Jackson, Duke University), 05/03-04/06, $500,000, Co-Principal Investigator.

           

            NSF-MRI (Major Research Instrument): Development of High Density, High Performance

Beowulf Cluster, 08/02-07/07, $405,202, Co-Principal Investigator.

           

            NASA-GWEC (Global Water and Energy Cycle): Evolution of Multi-Scale Soil Hydrologic

            Processes and its Impact on Land-Atmosphere Interaction, 01/02-12/04, $300,000, Principal Investigator.

           

            NSF-Hydrology: Measurement and Modeling of Flow and Transport in Macroporous Soil,

            12/01-11/04, $295,321, Principal Investigator.

           

            USGS/DOE: Quantification of Flow in Fractured Rocks, 07/00-12/00, $70,000, Principal Investigator.

           

            NSF-STC (Science and Technology Center): Sustainability of Semi-Arid Hydrology and

            Riparian Areas (SAHRA)- A NSF Science and Technology Center (at the University of Arizona

            PI: Sorooshian), 10/99-09/04, $16,491,268, Responsible for $247,767, Co-Investigator.

 

            NASA-LSH (Land Surface Hydrology): Space-Time Dynamics of Soil Moisture and

            Temperature-Scale Issues, 07/99-06/02, $341,340, Principal Investigator.

 

            NASA-MTPE (Mission To Planet Earth): Soil, Topography, and Vegetation Contribution to

            Soil Hydraulic and Thermal Properties, 06/97-05/98, $50,000, Principal Investigator.

 

Teaching Activities

Supervised 10 post-doctoral, 6 Ph.D., and 3 M.S students.

Developed course curriculum and taught undergraduate and graduate classes on Soil and Water

Science, Vadose Zone Hydrology, and Engineering Hydrology at Texas A&M University

 

Selected Journal Publications

1. Mizutani, M., B. Rath, B.P. Mohanty, and P.K. Kalita. Estimation of Effective Rainfall in Wet

            Season Paddy - Observational Studies on Water Requirement of Lowland Rice in Thailand (II).

            Irrigation Engineering and Rural Planning. 21, 15-28, 1991.

2. Mohanty, B.P., R.S. Kanwar, and R. Horton. A Robust-Resistant Approach to Interpret Spatial

            Behavior of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity of a Glacial Till Soil under No-Tillage System.

            Water Resources Research. 27(11), 2979-2992, 1991.

3. Mohanty, B.P., and R.S. Kanwar. Spatial Variability of Residual Nitrate-Nitrogen under Two

Tillage Systems in Central Iowa: A Composite Three-Dimensional Resistant and Exploratory

Approach. Water Resources Research. 30(2), 237-251, 1994.

4. Mohanty, B.P., M.D. Ankeny, R. Horton, and R.S. Kanwar. Spatial Analysis of Hydraulic

Conductivity Measured Using Disc Infiltrometer. Water Resources Research. 30(9), 2489-2498, 1994.

5. Mohanty, B.P., U.S. Tim, C.E. Anderson, and T. Woestman. Impacts of Agricultural Drainage

Well Closure on Crop Production: A Watershed Case Study. Water Resources Bulletin. 30(4),

687-703, 1994.

6. Mohanty, B.P., R.S. Kanwar, and C.J. Everts. Comparison of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity

            Measurement Methods for a Glacial Till Soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal.

            58(3), 672-677, 1994.

7. Mohanty, B.P., W.M. Klittich, R. Horton, and M.Th. van Genuchten. Spatio-Temporal Variability

            of Soil Temperature Within Three Land Areas Exposed to Different Tillage. Soil Science

Society of America Journal. 59(3), 752-759, 1995.

8. Mallants, D., B.P. Mohanty, D. Jacques, and J. Feyen. Spatial Variability of Hydraulic Properties

            in a Multi-Layered Soil. Soil Science. 161(3), 167-181, 1996.

9. Mohanty, B.P., R. Horton, and M.D. Ankeny. Infiltration and Macroporosity Under Row Crop

            Agricultural Field in a Glacial Till Soil. Soil Science. 161((4), 205-213, 1996.

10. Huang, K., B.P. Mohanty, and M.Th. van Genuchten. A New Convergence Criterion for

Modified Picard Iteration to Solve Variably-Saturated Flow Equation. Journal of Hydrology.

178, 69-91, 1996.

11. Mohanty, B.P., M.Th. van Genuchten. An Integrated Approach to Model Water Flow and Solute

            Transport in the Vadose Zone. Chapter 13: “Applications of GIS to the Modeling of Non-Point

            Source Pollutants in the Vadose Zone”, Soil Science Society America Special Publication. 48,

            217-233, 1996.

12. Mallants, D., B.P. Mohanty, A. Vervoort, and J. Feyen. Spatial Analysis of Saturated Hydraulic

            Conductivity in a Soil with Macropores. Soil Technology. 10, 115-131, 1997.

13. Mohanty, B.P., and R.S. Kanwar. A Relative-Flux-Correction Scheme for Analyzing Three

            Dimensional Spatial Data in the Soil Profile of a Tile-Drained Agricultural Plot. Journal of

            Hydrology. 194, 107-125, 1997.

14. Mohanty, B.P., R.S. Bowman, J.M.H. Hendrickx, and M.Th. van Genuchten. New Piecewise-

Continuous Hydraulic Functions for Modeling Preferential Flow in An Intermittent-Flood-Irrigated

Field. Water Resources Research. 33(9), 2049-2063, 1997.

15. Huang, K., B.P. Mohanty, F.J. Leij, and M.Th. van Genuchten. Solution of the Nonlinear

Transport Equation Using Modified Picard Iteration. Advances in Water Resources. 21, 237-249, 1998.

16. Mohanty, B.P., R.S. Bowman, J.M.H. Hendrickx, J. Simunek, and M.Th. van Genuchten.

            Preferential Transport of Nitrate to a Tile Drain in an Intermittent-Flood-Irrigated Field: Model

Development and Experimental Evaluation. Water Resources Research. 34(5), 1061-1076,  1998.

17. Shouse, P.J. and B.P. Mohanty. Scaling of Near-Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity Measured

Using Disc Infiltrometers. Water Resources Research. 34(5), 1195-1205, 1998.

18. Mohanty, B.P., P. Shouse, and M.Th. van Genuchten. Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Water and

Heat in a Field Soil. Soil & Tillage Research. 47, 133-143, 1998.

19. Mohanty, B.P., T.H. Skaggs, and M. Th. van Genuchten. Impact of Saturated Hydraulic

Conductivity on the Prediction of Tile Flow. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 62(6),

1522-1529, 1998.

20. Skaggs, T.H. and B.P. Mohanty. Water Table Dynamics in Tile-Drained Fields. Soil Science

Society of America Journal. 62(5), 1191-1196, 1998.

21. Jacques, D., C. Mouvet, B.P. Mohanty, H. Vereecken, and J. Feyen. Spatial Variability of

Atrazine Sorption Parameters and Other Soil Properties in a Stagnic Podzoluvisol. Journal of

Contaminant Hydrology. 36, 31-52, 1999. 

22. Mohanty, B.P. Scaling of Hydraulic Properties of a Macroporous Soil. Water Resources Research.

            35(6), 1927-1931, 1999. 

23. Mohanty, B. P., T.H. Skaggs, and J.S. Famiglietti. Analysis and Mapping of Field-Scale Soil

            Moisture Variability Using High Resolution Ground-Based Data During the Southern Great

Plains 1997 (SGP97) Hydrology Experiment. Water Resources Research. 36(4), 1023-1031,

2000.

24. Ventrella, D., B.P. Mohanty, J. Simunek, N. Losavio, and M. Th. van Genuchten. Water and

            Chloride Transport in a Fine-Textured Soil: Field Experiments and Modeling. Soil Science.

            165(8), 624-631, 2000.

25. Mohanty, B.P., and Z. Mousli. Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity and Soil Water Retention

            Properties Across a Soil-Slope Transition. Water Resources Research. 36(11), 3311-3324,

2000. 

26. Mohanty, B. P., J.S. Famiglietti, and T.H. Skaggs. Evolution of Soil Moisture Spatial Structure in

            a Mixed-Vegetation Pixel During the SGP97 Hydrology Experiment. Water Resources

Research. 36(12), 3675-3686, 2000.

27. Skaggs, T.H., L.M. Arya, P.J. Shouse, and B.P. Mohanty. Estimating Particle-Size Distribution

from Limited Soil Texture Data. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 65, 1038-1044,

2001. 

28. Jacques, D., B.P. Mohanty, A. Timmerman, and J. Feyen. Study of Time Dependency of Factors

            Affecting the Spatial Distribution of Soil Water Content in a Field Plot. Physics and Chemistry

            of the Earth (B). 26(7-8), 629-634, 2001.

29. Mohanty, B. P., and T.H. Skaggs. Spatio-Temporal Evolution and Time-Stable Characteristics

            of Soil Moisture Within Remote Sensing Footprints with Varying Soil, Slope, and Vegetation.

            Advances in Water Resources. 24(9-10), 1051-1067, 2001.

30. Mohanty, B.P., P.J. Shouse, D.A. Miller, and M. Th. van Genuchten. Soil Property Database -

            Southern Great Plains 1997 Hydrology Experiment. Water Resources Research. 38(5),

            1029/2000WR000076, 2002.

31. Zhu, J., and B.P. Mohanty. Analytical Solutions for Steady State Vertical Infiltration. Water

 Resources Research. 38 (8), 10.1029/2001WR000398, 2002.

32. Jacques, D., B.P. Mohanty, and J. Feyen. Comparison of Alternative Methods for Deriving

Hydraulic Properties and Scaling Factors from Single-Disc Tension Infiltrometer

Measurements. Water Resources Research. 38(7), 10.1029/2001WR000595, 2002.

33. Zhu, J., and B.P. Mohanty. Upscaling of Soil Hydraulic Properties Under Steady State

Evaporation and Infiltration. Water Resources Research. 38 (), 10.1029/2001WR000704, 2002.

34. Jarvis, N.J., L. Zavattaro, K. Rajkai, W.D. Reynolds, P. –A. Olsen, M. McGechan, M. Mecke,

B.P. Mohanty, P.B. Leeds-Harrison, and D. Jacques. Estimation of Near-Saturated Hydraulic

Conductivity from Readily Available Soil Information. Geoderma. 108, 1-17, 2002.

35. Zhu, J., and B.P. Mohanty. Spatial Averaging of van Genuchten Hydraulic Parameters for Steady

State Flow in Heterogeneous Soils. Vadose Zone Journal. 1:261-271, 2002.

36. Castiglione, P., B.P. Mohanty, P.J. Shouse, J. Simunek, M. Th. van Genuchten, and A. Santini.

Lateral Water Diffusion in an Artificial Macroporous System: Modeling and Experimental

Evidence. Vadose Zone Journal.  2:212-221, 2003.

37. Zhu, J., and B.P. Mohanty. Effective Hydraulic Parameters for Steady State Vertical Flow in

            Heterogeneous Soils. Water Resources Research. 39 (8), 10.1029/2002WR001831, 2003.

38. Kohne, J.M., S. Kohne, B. P. Mohanty, and J. Simunek. Inverse Mobile-Immobile Modeling

of Transport During Transient Flow: Effects of Between-Domain Transfer and Initial Water.

Vadose Zone Journal, 3:1309-1321 2004.

39. Zhu, J., B.P. Mohanty, A.W. Warrick, and M.Th. van Genuchten. Correspondence and

Upscaling of Hydraulic Functions for Steady-State Flow in Heterogeneous Soils,

Vadose Zone Journal, 3: 527-533, 2004.

40. Jacobs, J., B.P. Mohanty, E.C. Hsu, and D.A. Miller. SMEX02: Field Scale Variability,

Time Stability, and Similarity of Soil Moisture, Remote Sensing of Environment

92: 436-446, 2004.

41. Gusev, E.M, O.N. Nasanova, and B.P. Mohanty.  Estimation of Radiation, Heat, and

Water Exchange Between Steppe Ecosystems and Atmosphere in the SWAP Model.

Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 40(3), 291-303, 2004.

42. Zhu, J. and B. P. Mohanty. Soil Hydraulic Parameter Upscaling for Steady State Flow

with Root Water Uptake. Vadose Zone Journal, 3: 1464-1470, 2004.

43. Kohne, J.M., B.P. Mohanty, J. Simunek, and H.H. Gerke. Numerical Evaluation of a Second-Order

water Transfer term for Variably-Saturated Dual Permeability Model. Water Resources Research,

40(), 10.1029/2004WR003285, 2004.

44. Kohne, J.M., and B.P. Mohanty. Water Flow Processes in a Soil Column with a Cylindrical

            Macropore: Experiment and Hierarchical Modeling. Water Resources Research,

            10.1029/2004WR003303, 2005.

45. Castiglione, P., P.J. Shouse, B.P. Mohanty, and M. Th. van Genuchten. Analysis of

Temperature Effects on tension Infiltrometery of Low permeability Materials. Vadose Zone

Journal. 4:481-487, 2005.

46. Castiglione, P., P.J. Shouse, B.P. Mohanty , D. Hudson, and M. Th. van Genuchten. Improved

Tension Infiltrometer for Measuring Low fluid Flow Rates in Unsaturated Fractured Rock.

Vadose Zone Journal. In Press, 2005.

47. Kohne, J.M., B.P. Mohanty, and J. Simunek. Inverse Dual-Permeability Modeling of Preferential

            Water Flow in a Soil Column and Implications for Field-Scale Solute Transport. Vadose Zone Journal,

            In Press, 2005.

48. Zhu, J., and B.P. Mohanty. Effective Scaling Factor for Transient Infiltration in Heterogeneous

Soils. Journal of Hydrology. In Press, 2005.

49. Zhu, J., B.P. Mohanty, and N.N. Das. On the Effective Averaging Schemes of Hydraulic

Properties at the Landscape Scale. Vadose Zone Journal, In Press, 2005.

50. Zhu, J., and B.P. Mohanty. Effective Averaging Schemes for Hydraulic Parameters in

Horizontally and Vertically Heterogeneous Soils. Water Resources Research. Revised, 2005.

51. Das, N.N., and B.P. Mohanty. Root Zone Soil Moisture Assessment Using Passive Microwave

            Remote Sensing and Vadose Zone Modeling. Vadose Zone Journal, Revised, 2005.

52. Sharma, S.K., B.P. Mohanty, J. Zhu. Including Topography and Vegetation Attributes for

            Developing Pedo-Transfer Functions in Southern Great Plains. Soil Science Society of America Journal,

            Revised, 2005.

53. Das Gupta, S., B.P. Mohanty, J.M. Kohne. Soil Hydraulic Parameters and Their Spatio-Temporal

            Variations in a Vertisol. Soil Science Society of America Journal, Revised, 2005.

54. Das Gupta, S., B.P. Mohanty, J.M. Kohne. Sub-surface Flow Processes Under Juniper

            Vegetation and Karst Geology of the Edwards Plateau Region, Texas. Vadose Zone Journal,

            Revised, 2005.

55. Saito, H., J. Simunek, and B.P. Mohanty. Using Surface Energy Balance and Limited

Meteorological Information for Numerical Analysis of Coupled Water, Vapor, and Heat

Transport in Vadose Zone. Vadose Zone Journal. Submitted, 2005.

56. Gusev, Y., B.P. Mohanty, and O. N. Nasanova. Land Surface Model (SWAP): Evaluation Using

Southern Great Plains 1997 (SGP97) Hydrology Experiment Data. Journal of Hydrology,

Submitted. 2004.

57. Ines, A.V.M. and B.P. Mohanty. Near-Surface Soil Moisture Assimilation to Quantify Effective

Soil Hydraulic Properties Using Genetic Algorithm. 1. Conceptual Modeling. Water Resources

Research. To be Submitted, 2005.

58. Ines, A.V.M. and B.P. Mohanty. Near-Surface Soil Moisture Assimilation to Quantify Effective

Soil Hydraulic Properties Using Genetic Algorithm. 2. Validation under Different

Hydroclimatic Scenarios. Water Resources Research. To be Submitted, 2005.

59. Ines, A.V.M. and B.P. Mohanty. Near-Surface Soil Moisture Assimilation to Quantify Effective

Soil Hydraulic Properties Using Genetic Algorithm. 3. Remote Sensing Application.

Water Resources Research. To be Submitted, 2005.

60. Mohanty, B.P., P.J. Shouse, and J. Simunek. Characterization of Soil Hydraulic and Thermal

            Properties in Large Land Areas - SGP97 Hydrology Experiment. Water Resources Research.

To be Submitted, 2005.

61. Mohanty, B.P., P.R. Houser, and P.J. Shouse. Profile Soil Moisture Under Different Soils,

Slopes, and Land Covers During the SGP97 Hydrology Experiment. Water Resources

Research. To be Submitted, 2005.

62. Mohanty, B.P., E.J. Burke, T.H. Skaggs, and P.J. Shouse. Space-Time Distribution of Soil

Moisture and Soil Temperature. Water Resources Research. To be Submitted, 2005.

 

Book Chapters (Peer-reviewed)

1. Jacques, D., J. Vanderborght, D. Mallants, B.P. Mohanty, and J. Feyen. Analysis of Solute

            Redistribution in Heterogeneous Soil, I. Geostatistical Approach to Describe the Spatial Scaling

            Factors. In geoENV I-Geostatistics for Environmental Applications, Soares et al. (eds.), Kluwer

            Academic. 271-282, 1997.

2. Mohanty, B.P., and P.J. Shouse. Scaling of Soil Hydraulic Properties Near Saturation - Two Case

            Studies. “Vadose Zone Science and Technology Solutions,” Department of Energy, (invited),

            Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, Book plus CD-ROM (index.1460), 2000.

3. Mohanty, B.P., and M.Th. van Genuchten. Modeling Preferential Flow in a Macroporous Field Soil-

A Case Study. “Vadose Zone Science and Technology Solutions,” Department of Energy,

            (invited), Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, Book plus CD-ROM (index.1461), 2000.

4. Zhu, J. and B.P. Mohanty. Upscaling of Hydraulic Properties in Heterogeneous Soils.

Scale Issues in Soil Physics”, (Pachepsky, Radcliffe, and Selim, editors) (invited), CRC press,

Boca Raton, pp. 97-117, 2003.